Aging and Physical Activity

Base Knowledge


Teaching Methodologies

The teaching / learning methodologies selected aimed at promoting students’ autonomy both in the appropriation of theoretical knowledge as tasks to undertake practical skills related to the promotion of physical activity for seniors. Thus, from the theoretical framework presented in lectures are defined group work that students will realize the preparation of plans of exercises and activities that will be experienced by colleagues that simulate your situation as if they were elderly. These activities are complemented with classroom observation made by seniors. Continuous assessment includes (200 points maximum): written test (80 points), group work (80 points), individual work (20 points), class participation (10 points), complementary activities (10 points). To access the final evaluation students must obtain positive ranking in group work. The examination includes written and practical tests.

Learning Results

With the frequency of this course it is intended that students are able to:

1. Define the concepts of aging, active and healthy aging, physical activity, physical exercise, sport and gerontomotricity

2. Explain the main theories on aging

3. To base the effects of aging and major diseases on the physical drilling, motor, health and well-being of the elderly

4. Identify the effects of physical training and physical activity, health and motor fitness of the elderly and the resulting pedagogical recommendations for programs of physical activity for older people.

5. Explain methods and assessment tests the condition and physical fitness of the elderly.

6. Analyze justifiably the role of observation, planning, guidance and testing of appropriate physical activities to the characteristics of the elderly.


1. Concepts of aging, active and healthy aging, physical activity, physical exercise, sport and gerontomotricity

2. Theories on aging;

3. Effect of aging on the anatomical, physiological and motor levels;

4. Main conditions affecting the health, well-being and the ability for mobility and movements of the elderly people;

5. Effects of physical training and physical activity in the elderly people

6. Evaluation of the condition and physical fitness of the elderly people;

7. Recommendations of physical activity and gerontomotricity for the elderly people

8. Principles and methodological models for observation, planning and guidance of physical activity sessions for elderly people;

9. Physical exercises, physical and sports activities suitable for older people.

Curricular Unit Teachers

Grading Methods

Continuing Evaluation
  • - individual work - 20.0%
  • - group work - 40.0%
  • - test - 40.0%
  • - test - 100.0%




Christiansen, J. & Grzybowski, J. (2000). Biology of Aging: An introduction to the biomedical aspects of Aging. NY: McGraw

Dias, G., & Mendes, R. (2013). Atividade Física para a Terceira Idade. Coimbra: ESEC

Dias, G., Mendes, R., Serra e Silva, P. & Branquinho, A. (2014). Envelhecimento Ativo e Atividade Física. Coimbra: ESEC

Dias G., Mendes, R., Serra e Silva, P. & Branquinho, A. (2015). Gerontomotricidade: atividades lúdicas e pedagógicas para o corpo envelhecido. Coimbra: ESEC

Pont, P. (2003). Atividade Física e Saúde na Terceira idade. Porto Alegre: Artmed

Pont, P. & Rubi, M. (2003). Terceira Idade. Atividades criativas e recursos práticos. Porto Alegre: Artmed

Signorile. J. (2011). Bending the Aging Curve: The Complete Exercise Guide for Older Adults. Champaign: Human Kinetics

Spirduso, W., Francis, K. & MacRae, P. (2005). Physical Dimensions of Aging. Champaign: Human Kinetics

Taylor, A. & Johnson, M. (2008). Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging. Champaign: Human Kinetics