Applied Mechanics

Base Knowledge

– Ability to do research, reading and interpreting content analysis.
– Ability to synthesise and write text
– Computer skills from the user’s perspective, digital writing of documents and the creation of work reports and presentation and dissemination.
– Ability and motivation to research, use and apply specific software for the calculation of structures.
– Sense of cooperation, mutual help, collaboration and a spirit of knowledge sharing, with practical interest in carrying out activities, individually and in work groups.
– Motivation, interest in acquiring elementary concepts of physics and mathematics, such as: Units systems, vectorial analysis and their characteristics, force and principles of equilibrium, and bases of trigonometry for applying concepts to the study of structures.

Teaching Methodologies

The classes will be taught in Portuguese, having as object of work and learning the syllabus presented. It is expected that the lessons will have, whenever possible, different moments in the knowledge transmission methodology:
1) accompanied study in the learning achieved by the students, clarification of doubts and practical support at work and/or solving exercises/problems,
2) discussion and presentation of weekly research papers carried out by the working groups on the UC syllabus.
3) expository presentation of contents by the teacher, with possible practical resolution of example exercises, followed by discussion between the teacher, students and groups of students about the themes and exercises presented.

An expository presentation will be used during the explanation of theoretical subjects to support learning with the practical resolution of exercises. Students will be encouraged to carry out a practical work of technical and scientific interpretation and on contents and a practical interpretation approach through individual and group research. Without obligation, the research should result in information in a documents made available to all students through the sharing of documents in the forum of the Inforestudante platform, or even on student pages.
The learning will be monitored by the students, by clarifying doubts, supporting the resolution of exercises and guiding practical work, and there must be a writing of personal study works. The presentation of these documents, will be made every week, and by presentation in conversation groups and in the forum of the Inforestudante platform.

As long as it is feasible, it is considered that during class hours, a visit to works or structures may be made, either on the Institute’s own campus or outside. To occur, students will be challenged to present images and description of the verified situations. Not being feasible, students will be encouraged to do, for their own reasons, personal record of examples of works or structures of interest within the scope of the discipline’s content, being invited to present work with description and images of the observed.

These processes aim at the individual responsibility of the student, and at the same time, to increase the ation to knowledge sharing between, for and with the other colleagues. The student is individually assessed for the knowledge acquired, for their potential to interpret the intended objectives for the resolution and understanding of structural engineering exercises, as well as for their ability to organize ideas and consequent exposure of knowledge.
At the same time, you will be evaluated for your collaboration with your colleagues, either for the work developed in a group or for your motivation to collaborate in the learning of your colleagues.
After the academic weeks, each student will take a written test with questions about the syllabus, with space for presenting exercise proposals that demonstrate their ability to identify problems and their resolution. There will be a part of problems fundamentals for which a minimum quote will be required.

Learning Results

1. Know the mechanical transfer of actions/loads in structures – traction, compression, bending and cutting.
2. Apply static equilibrium equations to determine the distribution of internal forces in elements and frames of structures through bending moment, shear and axial force diagrams.
3. Evaluate the geometric properties of sections and the distribution of structural elements in buildings.
4. Calculate and analyze structures and their mechanical behavior of simple structures subject to loads.

Generic Skills:
– Increase of skills in the areas of communication and transfer of knowledge and knowledge;
– Application and demonstration of skills acquired through methods of study and personal work in individual and group tasks;
– Motivation to use self-learning methods and skills development accompanied by the expected teaching methods;
– Application of knowledge and physical understanding of phenomena through technical, scientific and pedagogical interconnection;
– Development of competence for carrying out judgment and decision-making.

Specific Skills:
– Acquire knowledge to understand the mechanical behavior of building structures and structural elements influenced by the geometry of their section
– Increased ability to observe practical situations aiming at the need for intervention;
– Encouraging the development of analysis and calculation methodologies in response to actions and effects on structures;
– Fundamental basis for decision-making and capacity for intervention and for the formation of proposals to improve structural behavior, through rehabilitation, reinforcement or basic design actions.

This unit provides the basis of Newtonian Mechanics so that students understand the fundamental principles of analysis and structural design and contributes to their success in Curricular Units of the curricular plan and thus, in the acquisition of essential bases and decision-making skills as future civil engineers. Thus, the Curricular Unit covers the study on:
– Statics and the fundamental basis of structure analysis, such as: a) vector analysis, b) concepts of force, bending moment, torsion, c) equilibrium of forces on element systems, d) static analysis of a rigid body, types of supports, elements and connections, e) actions and their effects such as reactions, tension and compression, deformations, displacements and practical interpretation of concepts, f) applications of calculation of reactions, relationship between of actions and stress, efforts and displacements and graphic representation by force diagrams.
– Mass geometry, such as: a) geometry, dimensions, areas and volumes and axis systems, b) relation of areas and centers of mass; c) static moment, moments of inertia and product of inertia, d) moments and main direction of inertia, e) practical interpretation for visualizing and understanding mass geometry.


PART 1 – Introduction and fundamental concepts
1. Historical examples on evolution and structural behavior
2. Basics of physics and mathematics for the study of sections, structural elements and structures
3. Basis for calculation and dimensioning (study of sections and principles of mechanical behavior)
4. The path of loads – relation of the concepts of actions, efforts and reactions
PART 2 – Applied Mechanics for Structural Calculation
5. Scientific and pedagogical learning to obtain knowledge
6. Technical and pedagogical cases of interpretation and practical application
7. Research for Didactic and Pedagogical Learning
8. Support tools for calculating and evaluating structures
PART 3 – Application of practical calculation of structural elements and structures
9. Support analysis and reaction calculation
10. Study on the calculation of trusses
11. Study and analysis of elements of flat isostatic structures (framed structures)
12. Considerations on the calculation of real structures
13. Mass Geometry: Applications in sections of structural elements and their distribution in the structural definition of buildings
14. Presentation of problems and proposals for calculation examples
15. Reviews and conclusion, proposals and suggestions, information and demonstration of knowledge
The program intends to approach the study of the components of Statics and the fundamental principles of the calculation of structures, as well as of Mass Geometry and its meaning in the behavior of structures.

Curricular Unit Teachers




BEER, F.; JOHNSTON, R. Jr.; EISENBERG, E. – Mecânica Vectorial para Engenheiros – Estática (7.ª edição), McGraw-Hill,ISBN 978-85-8055-046-7. Portugal, 2006.
FREY, F. – Analyse des strucutres et millieux continus – Statique appliqué. Traité de Génie Civil de l’Écolepolytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Vol. 1, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, 1994.
HIBBELER, R. C. Estática. 12ª ed. – Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-85-7605-815-1. São Paulo, Brasil, 2011.
MERIAN, J.L., Kraige, L.G. – Engeneering Mechanics – Volume 1: Statics”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Seventh Edition.ISBN: 978-0-470-61473-0. 2006
MUVDI, B.; AL-KHAFAJI, A.; McNABB J. – Statics for Engineers, Springer-Verlag, ISBN 0-387-94779-5. New York, 1997.
RILEY, W.F.; STURGES, L.D. – Engineering mechanics: statics. John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
SUSSEKIND, Jose Carlos. Curso de Análise Estrutural 6ª ed; Porto Alegre: Globo, 1981.
ROCHA, G. – O caminho das forças e a concepção estrutural. Apresentação. MAM – Rio de Janeiro.
SORIANO, Humberto L. – Estática das Estruturas. 3ª edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro. Editora CiênciaModerna Ltda., 2013
Works and documents presented by teachers and students in previous years, available in Inforestudante, Moodle and in the library. Web Bibliography